Plant Catalogue of Amrit Kunj Organic Permaculture Farm (AKOPF)

Medicinal Plants :

  1. Nepali Name : Khair

English Name : Cutch Tree

Family : Leguminosae

Flowering: April-May

Parts Used: Heart wood and Bark


Uses: Cutch cures itching sore throat, bronchitis, indigestion, ulcers, boils, psoriasis, inflammation, urinary discharges and strengthens teeth.

  1. Nepali Name : Datiwan, Ulte kurro, Apamarg

English Name : Prickly chaff-flower plant.

Family : Amaranthaceae

Flowering: May- July

Parts Used: Whole plant


Uses: The plant is used as laxative, diuretic, expectorant, carminative, stomachic, anti- inflammatory and haematinic. It also useful for asthma, dyspepsia, colic, skin diseases,cardiac disorder and anaemia.

  1. Nepali Name : Bel, Shreephal

English Name : Baeltree, Bengal quince

Family : Rutaceae

Flowering: April-May

Parts Used: Roots, leaves and fruits


Uses: The roots are useful in diarrhea and dysentery. The leaves are expectorant, astringent and in diabetes. The ripe fruit is sweet, aromatic and drink is given for chronic constipation and dyspepsia.


  1. Nepali Name : Banlasun

English Name :

Family : Amaryllidaceae

Flowering: Aug- Sept.

Parts Used: Roots and leaves


Uses: Stimulant and flavoring material to various recipes.


  1. Nepali Name: Ban lude, Kade lude

English Name: Prickly amaranth

Family: Amaranthaceae

Flowering: June-Aug.

Parts Used: Roots


Uses: Roots are diuretic and also used in colic pain and leucorrhoea.

  1. Nepali Name: Sarpa ko makai

English Name: Arisaema, Cobra lily

Family: Araceae

Flowering: May-June

Parts Used: seeds, roots and corns


Uses: It is poisonous. Roots are used to kill worms, which infect cattle.


  1. Nepali Name : Tite Pati

English Name : Mug-wort

Family : Compositae

Flowering: June-July

Parts Used: Roots and shoots


Uses: It cures asthma, itching, anorexia, gastritis, rheumatism, bronchitis, fever, headache, hemorrhage and diarrhea.


  1. Nepali Name : Kurilo, setawar

English Name : Aspaagus 

Family : Liliaceae

Flowering: June-Aug.

Parts Used: Roots and new shoots


Uses: Roots are used as diuretic, aphrodisiac, tonic, appetizer, carminative, antispasmodic, galactogogue and astringent also useful in tuberculosis, cough, bronchitis, diarrhea, dysentery etc. Root paste is used for milk secretion.


  1. Nepali Name : Neem

English Name : Margosa tree, Neem tree

Family : Meliaceae

Flowering: March-Apri

Parts Used: Flowers,lesves, seeds and Bark


Uses: Leaves are useful in skin diseases, intestinal worms, ulcers, malarial and intermittent fever, liver complaint and diabetes.


  1. Nepali Name: Koiralo

English Name: Mountain ebony, Variegated bauhinia

Family: Leguminosae

Flowering: April-May

Parts Used: Root and Bark


Uses: Is is useful I diarrhea, dysentery, piles and liver complaints.


  1. Nepali Name: Pakhanbhed, Silphoro

English Name: Rockfoil

Family: Saxifragaceae

Flowering: March-April

Parts Used: Rotstock


Uses: It is useful in piles, tumors, urinary discharges, heart diseases, diseases of the bladder and lungs, fevers, diarrhea, cough and dysentery.


  1. Nepali Name: Simal

English Name: Red cotton Tree

Family: Bombacaceae

Flowering: March-April

Parts Used: Roots, gums, leaves, bark, flowers and seeds


Uses: Roots is useful in dysentery. Bark is used in healing wound.  The gum is efficacious remedy for diarrhea, dysentery, haemoptysis of pulmonary tuberculosis, influenza and vomiting of blood and menorrhagia.


  1. Nepali Name: Rajbrikshya, Amaltas

English Name: Indian Laburnum, Golden shower, Purging cassia,

Family: Leguminosae

Flowering: April-May

Parts Used: Fruit and leaves


Uses: Leaves juice is a useful dressing for ringworms and cure to skin. Fruit pulp is well known laxative or purgative.


  1. Nepali Name: Ghodtapre

English Name: Water pennywort

Family: Umbelliferae

Flowering: June-July

Parts Used: Whole plant


Uses: It is useful remedy for syphilis, leprosy, and skin diseases. The leaf powder with the milk in small dose useful in mental weakness and to enhance memory, it is also used as blood purifier, diuretic and insecticide.









  1. Nepali Name: Tejpaat, Taj, Tajkaulo

English Name: Indian cassia lignea (Cinnamon)

Family: Lauraceae

Flowering: March-April

Parts Used: Bark and leaves


Uses: Leaves are carminative. Bark is useful in diarrhea, flatulence, and nausea. Bark extract is used in treatment of intestinal disorder.


  1. Nepali Name: Chilla batulepate, Gujargano

English Name: Ice vine, False pareira, Velvet leaf

Family: Menispermaceae

Flowering: March-May

Parts Used: Whole plant and root


Uses: It is useful in dyspepsia, diarrhea, urinary and bldder diseases, prolapses of dyspepsia, snake bite and scorpion sting. It is also used as blood purifier in skin diseases.



  1. Nepali Name: Sipligan

English Name: Three leaved caper

Family: Leguminosae

Flowering: April-May

Parts Used: Leaves and bark


Uses: Bark is useful in urinary complaints and kidney and bladder stones. Roots are bark promote appetite and increase biliary secretion.


  1. Nepali Name: Akashbelli

English Name: Dodder

Family: Convolvulaceae

Flowering: Aug – Oct

Parts Used: Whole Plant


Uses: The plant is astringent, expectorant, diuretic, purgative, anthelmintic. It is mainly useful in Jaundice. Seeds are useful in anodyne.


  1. Nepali Name: Doobo

English Name: Bermuda or bahama grass

Family: Gramineae

Flowering: June-Aug

Parts Used: Whole plant


Uses: It is useful in dropsy, hyperdipsia, burning sensation, haematuria, haemorrhages, skin diseases, diarrhea and dysentery. It is also useful in indigestion, urino-genital diseases.



  1. Nepali Name: Bhringaraj, Bhangeri jhar

English Name: Trailing eclipta

Family: Compositae

Flowering: June-Aug

Parts Used: Whole plant


Uses: Fresh plant is used as a tonic and deobstruent in the enlargement of the liver and spleen and various chronic skin diseases and wounds. It is used in strengthening gums and blackening hair. The plant is used to get relief from headache, fever, and catarrhatic problems in rural areas of Nepal.



  1. Nepali Name: Rudrakshya

English Name: Utrasum bead tree

Family: Elaeocarpaceae

Flowering: March-April

Parts Used: Fruits and seed kernek


Uses: Fruit stone is used as liver tonic and is useful in the diseases of head, epileptic fits and mental disorder.


  1. Nepali Name: Butijhar, Gomukhi

English Name: Prickly leaved elephant’s foot

Family: Compositae

Flowering: June-Aug

Parts Used: Whole plant


Uses: Plant has sharp, pungent and bitter taste and is astringent to the bowel. Leaves are used in swelling, plants in stomach, diarrhea and dysentery. Roots are used to arrest vomiting. Roots are used to vomiting, and in cough and cold and also in fever.


  1. Nepali Name: Dudhe jhaar

English Name: Snake weed

Family: Euphorbiaceae

Flowering: Throughout year

Parts Used: Whole plant


Uses: Plant is useful in the treatment of cough and asthma. Plant juice is applied to heal wound.


  1. Nepali Name: Panisaro, pankha phool

English Name: Ginger lily

Family: Zingiberaceae

Flowering: March- April

Parts Used: Rhizomes


Uses: It is useful in dyspepsia and stomachic, carminative, stimulant, and tonic. Rootstock is given with warm water in cough and asthma.


  1. Nepali Name: Bazar Bhang

English Name: Henbane or Black henbane

Family: Solanaceae

Flowering: June-Aug

Parts Used: Leaves and seeds


Uses: The dried leaves and flowering wigs collected soon after flowering of the plant constituent the drug, relieving certain painful spasmodic conditions of muscles, hysteria, cough. Seeds are useful in the treatment of gastric and intestinal complaints, diarrhea, coug, hysteria, skin inflammation and boils.


  1. Nepali Name: Okhar

English Name: Himalayan walnut

Family: Juglandaceae

Flowering: Feb-April

Parts Used: Bark


Uses: Bark is used as an anthelmintic and detergent. Leaf is good remedy for scrofula.


  1. Nepali Name: Dhupi

English Name: Black jupiner

Family: Cupressaceae

Flowering: May

Parts Used: Fruits and leaves


Uses: Fruits and leaves are used in kidney diseases, cough and cold.


  1. Nepali Name : Asuro

English Name : Malabar nut tree

Family : Acanthaceae

Flowering: April-May

Parts Used: Leaves


Uses: The drug Vasaka comprises the fresh or dried leaves of the plant. It is mainly used in cough and bronchitis.


  1. Nepali Name: Bakaino

English Name: Bead tree, Persean lilac

Family: Meliaceae

Flowering: March-May

Parts Used: Bark, root, fruit and seeds


Uses: Bark is cathartic emetic. Flowers and leaves emmenogogue and resolvent. Roots bark is bitter, emetic and anthelmintic. Bark is used externally in leprosy, scrofula and other skin diseases.




  1. Nepali Name: Lajjabati, lajwanti, Buharijhar

English Name: Sensetive plant

Family: Leguminosae

Flowering: June-Aug

Parts Used: roots and leaves


Uses: The leaves and roots are useful in diseases of the kidneys, piles, asthma, cough, dysentery and fistula. Burnt leaves are used to treat skin diseases. Plant juice is used to get relief from gout.


  1. Nepali Name: Kauso

English Name: Common cowitch, cowhedge

Family: Leguminosae

Flowering: March-April

Parts Used: Roots, leaves, seeds and hairs


Uses: Leaves are aphrodisiac, anthelmintic, and useful in ulcers, inflammation and general disability. Seeds are aphrodisiac, tonic, anthelmintic, and cure blood diseases.


  1. Nepali Name: Mitha Neem

English Name: Curry-leaf plant

Family: Rutaceae

Flowering: April- May

Parts Used: Whole palnt


Uses: Plant is tonic and stomachic. Bark and root are used as stimulant, and externally used to cure eruptions. Leaves and roots anthelmintic, analgesic, cure piles, inflammations.


  1. Nepali Name: Kaphal

English Name: Box Myrtle, Bay berry

Family: Myricaceae

Flowering: March-April

Parts Used: Bark, Fruit


Uses: Bark is astringent, carminative and antiseptic. The decoction of bark is useful in asthma, lung affections, chronic bronchitis, diarrhea and dysentery.


  1. Nepali Name: Karamkanda, tatelo

English Name: Indian trumpet tree

Family: Bignoniaceae

Flowering: May-Aug

Parts Used: Bark, tender fruits, and seeds


Uses: Bark is astringent to the bowel. It is cooling, tonic and increases appetite, is useful in diarrhea and dysentery. Stem is useful in scorpion stings. Tender fruits are described as carminative and stomachic.



  1. Nepali Name: Chari amilo

English Name: Indian sorrel

Family: Oxalidaceae

Flowering: March-Aug

Parts Used: Leaves and flowers


Uses: leaves and flowers are useful in fevers, dysentery and scurvy.


  1. Nepali Name: Amala

English Name: Common cowitch, cowhedge

Family: Euphorbiaceae

Flowering: May-July

Parts Used: Fruits


Uses: It is used in anaemia, jaundice and dyspepsia. The fruits are one of the three constituents of the Triphala. Dried fruit powder is used in common cold and constipation. Leaf juice is given to get relief from constipation.


  1. Nepali Name: Pipala, Murjhang

English Name: Long pepper

Family: Piperaceae

Flowering: June-Aug

Parts Used: Roots and fruits


Uses: Roots are carminative, improve appetite, useful in bronchitis, abdominal pains, diseases of spleen. These are used to relieve from cold, cough, asthma, hoarseness, and hiccup.


  1. Nepali Name: Ritha

English Name: Soapnut tree

Family: Sapindaceae

Flowering: May-June

Parts Used: Fruits


Uses:  Fruits are emetic and expectorant , used in salivation, chlorosis, and epilepsy.


  1. Nepali Name: Bhalayo

English Name: Marking Nut tree

Family: Anacardiaceae

Flowering: June-Aug

Parts Used: Fruit


Uses: It is believed to useful in ascetics, rheumatism, asthma, skin diseases, ples and psoriasis.






  1. Nepali Name: Kalobihi, Kuwain

English Name: Black nightshade

Family: Solanaceae

Flowering: August.

Parts Used: Whole plant and berries


Uses: Leaves are employed as poultice over rheumatic and gouty joints. Decoction of leaves is beneficial to cirrhosis of liver. Berries are tonic, diuretic and useful in heart disease.


  1. Nepali Name: Jamun

English Name: Black plum, Jambolan, Java plum

Family: Myrtaceae

Flowering: May-July

Parts Used: Whole plant


Uses: Bark is good for sore throat, bronchitis, asthma, dysentery, diarrhea and ulcers. Seeds are good for diabetes. Fruits and bark are used in dysentery and diabetes.


  1. Nepali Name: Barro

English Name: Belliric myrobolon, Bedda nts

Family: Combretaceae

Flowering: April-May

Parts Used: Fruits


Uses: Fruits are useful in indigestion, piles, leprosy, dropsy, fever and diarrhea. The fruit is one of the three constituents of famous ayurvedic preparation Triphala. Fruits are chewed to cure cough, cold and as an appetizer.


  1. Nepali Name: Harro

English Name: Chebulic myrobolon, Black myrobolon

Family: Combretaceae

Flowering: April-May

Parts Used: Fruits


Uses: The fruits are carminative, tonic, enrich the blood, useful in diseases of spleen, piles and cold. Fruits are used in combination with emblic myrobolon and belleric myrobolon under the name of Triphala.


  1. Nepali Name: Gurjo

English Name: Heart leaved moonseed

Family: Menispermaceae

Flowering: April- May

Parts Used: Leaves stem and root


Uses: The root is powerful emetic and used for visceral obstructions. The decoction of leaves is used for the treatment of gout. The plant enriches the blood and commonly used in rheumatism, urinary, diseases and jaundice. The juice of stem is useful in diabetes, vaginal and urethral discharges and enlarged spleen.

  1. Nepali Name: Timur

English Name: Zanthoxylum armatum DC

Family: Rutaceae

Flowering: March-June

Parts Used: Barks, fruits and seeds


Uses: Fruits and seeds are useful in an aromatic tonic in fever and dyspepsia and cholera. Fruits are also used in dental trouble.